Development of Four New Therapies for Ultra-Rare Diseases Underway by NIH Scientists
September 17, 2013
RARE RECAP: The NIH steps in to produce new therapies for rare disease through its TRND–or Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases program. Retinitis Pigmentosa, Hypoparathyroidism and LEOPARD Syndrome are all part of this initiative.
Four new pre-clinical drug development projects at the National Institutes of Health will target a form of blindness and diseases characterized by cardiac problems. The projects were selected for their potential to treat specific rare diseases and to help scientists uncover new information that can be shared with other researchers.
The studies will be funded through the Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases (TRND) program at the NIH’s National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS). This group of projects also marks the TRND program’s first use of stem cells as well as its first collaboration with a large pharmaceutical company, Eli Lilly, to co-develop a treatment for a rare disease.
“TRND is grounded in partnerships with academic, government, pharmaceutical and patient advocacy groups. Working in collaboration, scientists conduct pre-clinical development of new drugs and then advance them to first-in-human clinical trials,” said NCATS Director Christopher P. Austin, M.D. “Like all NCATS programs, TRND seeks to develop new technologies and more efficient paradigms for translation, in the context of important unmet medical needs.”
Two projects employ therapeutic approaches to developing a treatment for retinitis pigmentosa, a severe form of hereditary blindness. A third project focuses on a potential treatment for hypoparathyroidism, a hormone-deficiency syndrome that can lead to cardiac problems and convulsions.
The remaining project aims to develop a possible therapeutic that targets a cardiac disorder associated with LEOPARD syndrome, an extremely rare genetic disease that affects many areas of the body. About 80 percent of patients with LEOPARD syndrome have a cardiac disorder called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is a thickening of the heart muscle that forces the heart to work harder to pump blood, which can lead to early death.
A rare disease is one that affects fewer than 200,000 Americans. NIH estimates that, in total, there are more than 6,000 rare diseases. However, effective pharmacologic treatments exist for only about 200 of these illnesses.
Private companies often do not pursue new therapies for rare diseases due to the low anticipated return on investment. Through TRND, NCATS advances potential treatments for rare and neglected tropical diseases to first-in-human trials, an approach known as “de-risking.” This strategy can make possible new drugs more commercially viable and attractive to outside partners, who can invest in their further development and additional clinical trials. The new projects are:
Long-acting parathyroid hormone analog for the treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Henry U. Bryant, Ph.D., distinguished research fellow
Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis
Use of rapamycin for the treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in patients with LEOPARD syndrome
Maria I. Kontaridis, Ph.D., assistant professor of medicine
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston
Use of retinal progenitor cells for the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa
Henry J. Klassen, M.D., Ph.D., director, Stem Cell and Retinal Regeneration Program
University of California, Irvine School of Medicine
Small molecule pharmacological chaperone for the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa
William F. Brubaker, Ph.D., chief executive officer
Bikam Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, Mass.
The project descriptions are available at https://www.ncats.nih.gov/trnd-projects.html.
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