Alopecia Epilepsy Oligophrenia Syndrome of Moynahan

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Alopecia, Epilepsy, Oligophrenia, Syndrome of Moynahan refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by a complete lack of hair at birth, below-average mental ability, sudden periods of continuous shaking of the entire body (seizures), and a small head. Hence, individuals with this form of intellectual disability may have problems with tasks involving physical activity and may have difficulty concentrating. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if continous body shaking and a complete lack of hair at birth are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Brain specialists can provide treatment for the epileptic symptoms. Treatments for seizures include various medications, brain surgery, directly stimulating nerve cells, and changes to one’s diet. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.

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