Type of disease: Rare conditions
Amyloid neuropathy is a general term that describes a group of disorders that affect the nerves and other parts of the nervous system. Damage to the nerves is caused by the accumulation of abnormal proteins called amyloids. As a result, individuals with amyloid neuropathy usually have many sensory problems. Symptoms include painful sensations, numbness, balance difficulties, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, uncontrolled urine leakage, excessive sweating, and/or sexual dysfunction. This condition is diagnosed through family history, nerve conduction studies, skin, nevre or muscle biopsies, and in cases of familial amyloidosis, genetic testing may be available. Currently, treatments for this condition are symptom relief and the prevention of amyloids spreading to other parts of the body. Anti-seizure medications or anti-depressants may help with nerve pain, and depending on the type of amyloids, patients may benefit from liver or bone marrow transplants. Talk with your doctor if you or a familly member has been diagnosed with an amyloid neuropathy. Support organizations are also a good source of information and can help you connect with others living with amyloid neuropathy.