Aniridia Ataxia Renal Agenesis Psychomotor Retardation
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Aniridia – Ataxia – Renal Agenesis – Psychomotor Retardation refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by absent irises (colored segment) in the eyes, lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements, abnormal kidneys, and a slowing-down of mental thought and physical movements. Hence, individuals with this form of intellectual disability have severe vision problems and problems performing tasks involving physical activity. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during adulthood as signs of slowing down of mental thought and physical movements appear at that stage. Signs like walking and talking late, slow completion of tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in adults. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Eye specialists may suggest patients undergo surgery to fix iris or associated eye problems. Renal specialists may suggest patients undergo dialysis sessions, where the blood is filtered by a machine, to compensate for kidney problems. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.