Arachnodactyly Mental Retardation Dysmorphism

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Arachnodactyly – Mental Retardation – Dysmorphism refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, unusual facial features, and long, thin fingers and toes. Hence, individuals with this form of intellectual disability have problems with tasks involving physical activity. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if long, thin fingers and toes are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Doctors may suggest patients undergo surgery to fix finger and toe abnormalities. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.

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