Ceroid Lipofuscinosis Neuronal 3, Spielmeyer-Vogt disease
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Batten disease is a neurodegenerative genetic condition characterized by progressive mental and motor deterioration, seizures, and early death. Symptoms of Batten disease typically appear between the ages of four and ten years. Rapid vision loss resulting in total blindness is usually the first symptom observed. Followed by seizures which typically present between ages five and 18 years. Life expectancy generally ranges from the late teens to the 30's. Batten disease is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion and has been associated with mutations in a gene called the CLN3. Although a cure has not been identified for Batten disease, treatment for the symptoms is available. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.