Benign Familial Infantile Epilepsy
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE) is a genetic condition characterized by epileptic seizures between the third and eighth months of life. Seizures present with: motor arrest, fluttering eyelids, head/eye deviation to one side, staring, unresponsiveness, jerking limbs, and grunting. Often seizures are clustered and happen in brief episodes over the span of a few days. This condition is autosomal dominant, meaning that is it passed from parent to child, and if one parents has it there is a 50% chance their child will have it too. BFIE can be diagnosed using EEG scans (tests to measure the electrical activity of the brain), or by analyzing family history. Treatment typically involves anti-epileptic drugs, and seizures usually disappear after the first year of life.