Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare, inherited, primary immune deficiency disorder that affects certain white blood cells. It is characterized by an inability to resist repeated infectious diseases and a tendency to develop chronic inflammation. Symptoms usually begin in infancy or childhood and include life-threatening recurrent fungal and bacterial infections affecting the skin, lungs, and bones; swollen areas of inflamed tissues known as granulomas; and other symptoms. It is caused by mutations in any one of four different genes and is usually inherited in an autosomal recessive or X-linked recessive manner. Treatment consists of continuous antibiotic therapy to help prevent infections and corticosteroid drugs for treating granulomatous complications. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.