Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Adrenogenital syndrome, also called congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), is a group of genetic disorders. These conditions cause various abnormalities in the adrenal glands and a person’s hormones, which are a chemical produced in the adrenal glands and used to send signals throughout the body. In these conditions, some hormones are unable to be produced and some are also overproduced. This can result in high blood pressure and electrolyte abnormalities in infants born with this condition. It can also cause abnormal genitalia development in both males and females. Patients are usually diagnosed with these conditions at birth or when delayed puberty is apparent. These conditions can be controlled using steroid replacements, although underdevelopment of male genitalia is often permanent and requires specialist involvement.