Craniosynostosis Contractures Cleft

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Craniosynotosis – Contractures – Cleft is a rare disorder characterized by early fusion of the skull bones, abnormal shortening of muscles or joints, and an opening in the roof of the mouth. Early fusion of the skull bones can lead to problems with brain development. Hence, individuals with this disorder often may develop intellectual disability. Depending on which muscles or joints are abnormally shortened, individuals may have a variety of problems performing basic tasks, such as walking and sitting. Additionally, the mouth opening can cause eating as well as breathing problems.Individual may also have problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The disorder is often diagnosed early in childhood, since the symptoms are very apparent. Slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this disorder in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Doctors may suggest patients undergo surgery to close the mouth opening and fix the joint and muscle problems. Physical therapists may also create exercise plans to help individuals strengthen their muscles. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.

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