Type of disease: Rare conditions
Dystonia 10 is a type of dyskinesia, or a disorder that involves muscle movements that cannot be controlled. This condition can either be familial, meaning that it is passed down in families, or sporadic, meaning that it occurs without any family history. Usually, individuals will begin showing symptoms of the disease in childhood or in the early teenage years.
Dystonia 10 is mainly characterized by uncontrollable jerking or shaking movements that can happen when you move suddenly (for example, when you stand up or start to walk). Before these movements happen, individuals may experience tingling feelings in the same body part. Sometimes being cold, breathing quickly, and being stressed can also cause these movements.
The familial form of dystonia 10 is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. We inherit our genes in pairs, typically one from each parent. Our genes are what control the growth, development, and function of our bodies. If a mistake or error occurs in a gene, it can cause problems. Autosomal dominant means an individual inherits only one copy of the changed gene, or mutation, in order to have the condition. If one parent carries a copy of the changed gene, their children have a 50% chance of having the condition.
Dystonia 10 can be diagnosed clinically by a doctor. Usually, doctors will look for the presence of these jerking or shaking movements, see how long they last, see if you are experiencing any pain, and make sure that you do not show symptoms of any similar conditions before making this particular diagnosis. Dystonia 10 often improves over time, and it can be treated with medication. Because there is a treatment, individuals with this condition can live rather normal lives. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with dystonia 10, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.