Epidermolysis Bullosa, Generalized Atrophic Benign

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica is a group of genetic conditions that causes an individual's skin to be very fragile and to blister easily. In the past, they were often called “Butterfly Children” because their skin is as delicate as a butterfly’s. Individuals with epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica have such sensitive skin that blisters can form from something as gentle as them scratching their own skin or it rubbing against their clothes. The reason for their fragile skin is a specific gene mutation affecting proteins which give skin its qualities of flexibility and strength. Cases can range from moderate to severe depending upon the individual and what type of epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica they have. Some may experience intense scarring from the blisters while other people may not scar at all. People are born with epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica and it is usually visible a few days after birth when blisters will begin to appear. Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica is a hereditary disease and 6.5 per 1 million babies born in the U.S. are affected. One type of epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica is “Generalized Atrophic Benign”. This is a more mild form of epidermolysis bullosa that involves blistering of the individual’s skin and some nail changes. Though these individual’s also have blisters, they heal without scarring and are not as severe as in other cases.

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