Gitelman Syndrome


Type of disease: Rare conditions

Gitelman syndrome is a kidney condition that causes an imbalance of charged atoms (ions) in the body, including ions of potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Signs and symptoms vary widely, and do not appear before six years of age. It is usually diagnosed during adolescence or adulthood. Common symptoms include painful muscle spasms (tetany), sometimes accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting and fever; muscle weakness or cramping; dizziness; salt craving; and tingling or prickly sensations in the skin on the face (paresthesias). Some experience fatigue, low blood pressure, and a painful joint condition called chondrocalcinosis. It can be caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 or CLCNKB genes and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment may include supplementation of magnesium and a high-sodium and high potassium diet.Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.

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