Type of disease: Rare conditions
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. Symptoms of this disorder include muscle weakness, numbness, and tingling sensations, which can increase in intensity until the muscles cannot be used at all. Usually Guillain-Barre syndrome occurs a few days or weeks after a person has had symptoms of a viral infection. Occasionally, surgery or vaccinations will trigger the syndrome. It remains unclear why only some people develop Guillain-Barre syndrome. Most patients recover completely, although some continue to have some degree of weakness. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.