Herpes simplex encephalitis

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Herpes simplex is a viral infection of two types, herpes simplex 1 (HS1) and 2 (HS2). HS1 is received through contact with oral secretions (saliva) or skin sores containing the virus. This can be done through kissing and sharing toothbrushes or eating utensils with an individual who has HS1. HS1 causes sores around the mouth and lips. HS2 is received through sexual contact with an individual infected with HS2. HS2 may also be transmitted to a newborn baby during childbirth if the mother is infected with the virus. HS2 can cause genital warts in men and women. Although symptoms can be treated for with medication, there is no cure for herpes. The virus can become dormant in its host for different amounts of time causing outbreaks of symptoms triggered by stress, trauma to the affected area, illness, fatigue, weakening of the immune system.

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