Ichthyosis lamellar, recessive
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Ichthyosis lamellar, recessive is a very rare disorder where an infant is born covered with a transparent membrane which sheds to reveal red scaly skin patches of varying sizes. They are called “collodion babies” because of the tight shiny membrane resembling plastic wrap, which they are born encased in. Collodion baby is not a disease entity but is the first expression of some forms of ichthyosis. This membrane is usually shed during the first few weeks of life, but remaining effects include scaly skin and outward turning eyelids and lips. People with lamellar ichthyosis typically have large, dark, plate-like scales covering their skin. The shedding of the membrane reveals generalized scaling with variable redness of the skin. The scaling may be fine or platelike, resembling fish skin. Although the disorder is not life threatening, it can be quite disfiguring.