Leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer, hereditary
Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer, Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma, HLRCC
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) is a condition that causes benign tumors of smooth muscle tissue in the skin (cutaneous leiomyomas) and in the uterus in females (uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids). The condition also increases the risk of kidney cancer. Signs and symptoms usually begin in adulthood as skin growths appear on the torso, arms, legs, and occasionally on the face. They tend to increase in size and number over time. About 10% to 16% of people with HLRCC develop a type of kidney cancer called renal cell cancer; symptoms of this cancer may include lower back pain, blood in the urine, and/or a mass in the kidney that can be felt by a physician. Some people have no symptoms until the cancer is advanced. HLRCC is caused by mutations in the FH gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.