Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy is a group of disorders which affect the voluntary muscles around the hips and shoulders. The conditions are progressive, leading to a loss of muscle strength and bulk over a number of years. Onset may occur in childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, or even later. Males and females are affected in equal numbers. Most cases of limb girdle muscular dystrophy are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Rarely, autosomal dominant cases have been reported. While there are no treatments which directly reverse the muscle weakness associated with this condition, supportive treatment can decrease the complications. There are at least 19 different types of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.