Mental retardation nasal hypoplasia obesity genital hypoplasia
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Mental retardation – nasal hypoplasia – obesity – genital hypoplasia refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, excess body fat, and underdeveloped nose and reproductive organs. Thus, individuals with this form of intellectual disability often have problems with tasks involving physical activity, as well as with breathing and sexual activity. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if nose and genital abnormalities are also observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is based on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Doctors would often put patients on a weight loss program, involving exercise, dietary and lifestyle changes to combat obesity. Specialists may also recommend for patients to undergo surgery to treat breathing problems caused by having an irregularly shaped nose. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.