Mental retardation short stature heart and skeletal anomalies

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Mental retardation - short stature - heart and skeletal anomalies refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, short body frame, and heart and bone problems. Individuals with this form of intellectual disability have trouble with tasks involving physical activity and are more prone to fatigue. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if heart and bone problems are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Doctors may suggest the patient undergo surgery to fix heart and bone defects. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.

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