Mental retardation X-linked dystonia dysarthria

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Mental retardation – X-linked – dystonia – dysarthria refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, movement problems, and speech problems. Hence, individuals with this form of intellectual disability may have problems with tasks involving physical activity and communicating with others. Males are more likely than females to have this condition. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if movement and speech problems are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Physical therapists may create an exercise plan for patients to improve muscle strength and coordination. Speech therapists may also suggest patients undergo speech therapy to help improve communication skills. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.

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