Mental retardation X-linked short stature obesity
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Mental retardation – X-linked – short stature – obesity refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, short body frame, and excess body weight. Hence, individuals with this form of intellectual disability may have problems with tasks involving physical activity. Males are more likely than females to have this condition. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if a short body frame and excess body weight are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Physical therapists may create an exercise plan for patients to improve muscle strength and reduce excess body weight. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.