Type of disease: Rare conditions
Metatropic dwarfism is a severe skeletal dysplasia characterized by extremely small stature with short arms and legs. Other characteristics of this disorder are a narrow thorax, short ribs, and kyphoscoliosis (backward and sideways curvature of the spinal column) which develops into short trunk dwarfism. This condition, caused by mutations in the TRPV4 gene, may be inherited in either an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.