Neurogenic diabetes insipidus
Neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Neurogenic diabetes insipidus is a disease that causes frequent urination. This type of diabetes insipidus results from damage to the pituitary gland, which disrupts the normal storage and release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). When this hormone reaches the kidneys, it directs them to make less urine. Damage to the pituitary gland can be caused by different diseases as well as by head injuries, neurosurgery, or genetic disorders. To treat the ADH deficiency that results from any kind of damage to the pituitary, a synthetic hormone called desmopressin can be taken by an injection, a nasal spray, or a pill. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.