Periodontitis, aggressive, 1
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Aggressive periodontitis (AP) 1 is a severe infection of the soft tissue surrounding the tooth, which can cause tooth and bone loss. AP usually begins in childhood/early adulthood and is less common than chronic periodontitis (CP), which usually progresses slower and begins at an older age Symptoms include swollen, tender, red/purplish, bleeding, or receding gums, loose teeth, bad breath, new spaces between the teeth, and painful chewing.
Periodontitis is caused by ongoing inflammation from gingivitis (gum disease) which may be a result of extreme plaque and tartar build-up on the teeth from bad dental hygiene. There is evidence that susceptibility to AP can be inherited — it may be linked to a mutation in the CTSC gene on chromosome 11. This kind of AP is usually present in multiple family members.
Diagnosis for AP may include an oral exam, dental X-rays, and testing for bacteria in the infected areas. Treatment for AP is aimed at preserving as many teeth as possible and cleaning around the pockets of the teeth to prevent further bone damage. Typically, initial treatment involves surgical or non-surgical removal of infected tissue. Antimicrobial or antibiotic drugs may also be prescribed to help relieve and control infection. There is no specific cure for AP; instead, once acceptable dental health has been achieved, the affected individual must maintain it with good hygiene. Routine dental check-ups may be necessary to verify this.
If you or a family member has been diagnosed with aggressive periodontitis 1, speak with your doctor about the most current treatment options.