Tolosa Hunt syndrome

Overview

Type of disease: Rare conditions

Tolosa Hunt syndrome (THS) is a rare condition that affects the muscles of the eye. Unexplained inflammation of the nerves that connect to the eye muscles causes pain and weakness of the muscles around the eye. Generally, the condition first occurs after the age of 20 years old but can occur at any age. Pain near and behind the eye, headache and loss of control over the eye muscles are the most common symptoms and usually only affect one eye. Individuals may experience strange tingling sensations of the forehead and double vision.
This condition can occur and disappear suddenly but commonly returns. Vision loss is possible if the condition goes untreated.

The exact cause of THS is currently unknown. Diagnosis is made by ruling out other possible conditions, examining blood work, and evaluating physical findings. Treatment includes use of a medication called corticosteroids, as well as, other anti-inflammatory/auto-immune medications. If you or your child has been diagnosed with THS, talk to your doctor about current treatment options.

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