Tracheobronchopathia osteoplastica, Tracheopathia osteoplastica, Tracheopathia osteochondroplastica
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Tracheobronchopathia osteoplastica (TO) is a rare condition of the large airways. It is characterized by the presence of multiple growths (nodules) made of bone and cartilage tissue, in the submucosa of the tracheobronchial wall. The nodules protrude into the spaces inside the trachea and bronchi, which can lead to airway obstruction. Affected people may have persisting or recurrent respiratory symptoms, and/or recurrent infections. The cause of TO is not currently known. There is no specific treatment to prevent the formation of nodules. Laser therapy or removal of the nodules may be needed in some cases. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.