Anomaly of the mitral subvalvular apparatus
A group of rare congenital mitral malformations characterized by anomalies of the chordae tendineae and papillary muscles. This comprises anomalous mitral arcade or hammock valve (due to thickened and extremely short chordae tendineae) straddling valve (abnormal attachment of the chordae tendineae to both ventricles) and parachute valve (unifocal attachment of the chordae tendineae to a single or fused papillary muscle) resulting in an incompetent valve with regurgitation and/or stenosis and impaired left ventricular inflow potentially leading to heart failure. In most cases other cardiac anomalies are found in association.
Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview.
Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on http: //www.orphadata.org. Data version October 2023.
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