Congenital muscular dystrophy with intellectual disability

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Synonyms: CMD with intellectual disability | CMD-MR

A rare genetic congenital muscular dystrophy due to dystroglycanopathy disorder characterized by a wide phenotypic spectrum which includes hypotonia and muscular weakness present at birth or early infancy and delayed or arrested motor development associated with mild to severe intellectual disability and variable brain abnormalities on neuroimaging studies. Feeding difficulties joint and spinal deformities respiratory insufficiency and ocular anomalies (e.g. strabismus retinal dystrophy oculomotor apraxia) may be associated. Decreased or absent alpha-dystroglycan on immunohistochemical muscle staining and elevated serum creatine kinase are observed.

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview. Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata. Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on Data version May 2024

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Advocacy Organizations


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Clinical Trials

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