Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome type 2
Synonyms: BOLA3 deficiency | MMDS2
A rare mitochondrial disease characterized by infantile onset of severe regression after a period of normal development epileptic encephalopathy hypotonia movement disorder cardiomyopathy hyperglycinemia and lactic acidosis. Optic atrophy may also be present. Brain imaging findings are highly variable and include white matter abnormalities. The disease is typically fatal in infancy.
Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview.
Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on http://www.orphadata.org. Data version December 2023
Newly diagnosed with
Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome type 2?
Our RARE Concierge Services Guides are available to assist you by providing information, resources and connections as you navigate your rare disease journey.
COMBINEDBrain is a consortium for outcome measures and biomarkers for neurodevelopmental disorders. We are collaborating to cure rare, non-verbal brain disorders.
Cure Mito Foundation
Our mission is to empower families to come together with a common goal of finding treatments, and ultimately a cure, for this devastating disease.
Fund research for 19 mt-aars conditions and provide patient support.
Louisiana Metabolic Disorders Coalition
We support, educate, and advocate for patients & families affected by metabolic disorders.
Mississippi Metabolics Foundation
Mississippi Metabolics Foundation (MMF) was founded to raise awareness, educate, and provide support to those living or caring for someone with genetic metabolic disorders/inborn errors of metabolism (IEM).
MitoAction’s mission is to improve the quality of life for children, adults, and families living with mitochondrial disease through support, education, outreach, advocacy, clinical research initiatives and by granting wishes for children affected by mitochondrial disease.
MitoCanada's mission is to create a world where all lives are powered by healthy mitochondria. We are dedicated to supporting Canadians living with mitochondrial disease by developing education and awareness programs, advocating to improve the health and quality of life of those living with mito at provincial and federal levels, and we fund research that is patient-focused and transformational.
Moonshots for Unicorns
Curing single-gene disorders
To fund research for treatment and/or a cure for CASK Gene Disorder
Syndromes Without A Name (SWAN) Australia
Provide information, support and advocacy to families caring for a child with an undiagnosed or rare genetic condition.
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation (UMDF)
Promoting research and education for the diagnosis, treatment and cure of mitochondrial disorders and to provide support to affected individuals and families. We are driven by a nationwide community of ambassadors solely focused on supporting patients and families affected by mitochondrial disease. We are committed and energized to make a difference by funding the best science in the world.
For a list of clinical trials in this disease area, please click here.