FDA Removes Partial Clinical Hold on Editas Sickle Cell Disease Trial, First Patient Dosed
July 27, 2022
Editas Medicine reported the dosing and confirmed successful neutrophil and platelet engraftment of the first patient in the phase 1/2 RUBY trial of EDIT-301 for the treatment of severe sickle cell disease.
This dosing is the first time that the company’s engineered AsCas12a enzyme, a proprietary, highly efficient, and specific gene editing nuclease, has been used to edit human cells in a clinical trial.
Additionally, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration removed the previously disclosed partial clinical hold on the RUBY trial, enabling the company to include efficacy data from patients in a marketing application for EDIT-301 in the future.
The trial is enrolling additional study participants at multiple centers in the U.S. and Canada. The company has successfully edited CD34+ cells from patients in preparation for reinfusion and remains on track to announce top-line clinical data by year-end.
“Dosing and successful engraftment of the first patient coupled with the FDA’s removal of the partial clinical hold on the RUBY trial are important steps toward our goal of bringing this new and promising treatment to people living with sickle cell disease and thalassemia,” said Gilmore O’Neill, president and CEO, Editas Medicine.
Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder caused by a mutation in the beta-globin gene that leads to polymerization of the sickle hemoglobin protein (HbS). In sickle cell disease, the red blood cells are misshapen in a sickle shape instead of the disc shape. The abnormal shape causes the cells to block blood flow causing anemia, pain crises, organ failure, and early death. There are an estimated 100,000 people in the United States currently living with sickle cell disease. Higher levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) inhibits HbS polymerization, thus reducing the manifestation of sickling.
EDIT-301 is an experimental cell therapy medicine under investigation for the treatment of severe sickle cell disease (SCD) and transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia (TDT). EDIT-301 consists of patient-derived CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells edited at the gamma globin gene (HBG1 and HBG2) promoters, where naturally occurring fetal hemoglobin (HbF) inducing mutations reside, by a highly specific and efficient proprietary engineered AsCas12a nuclease. Red blood cells derived from EDIT-301 CD34+ cells demonstrate a sustained increase in fetal hemoglobin production, which has the potential to provide a one-time, durable treatment benefit for people living with severe SCD and TDT.
The RUBY trial is a single-arm, open-label, multi-center phase 1/2 study designed to assess the safety and efficacy of EDIT-301 in patients with severe sickle cell disease. Enrolled patients will receive a single administration of EDIT-301.
EDIT-301 is also being investigated in a clinical study in patients with transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia (TDT). Preparations to initiate the phase 1/2 EDITHAL clinical trial designed to assess the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of EDIT-301 for the treatment of TDT are underway, and the Company remains on track to dose the first TDT patient in 2022.
Author: Rare Daily Staff
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