Familial spontaneous pneumothorax

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Familial spontaneous pneumothorax is a rare genetic pulmonary disease characterized by the uni- or bilateral accumulation of air in the pleural cavity in persons with a positive family history and no underlying lung disease or previous chest trauma. Patients typically present dyspnea associated with acute onset of sharp and steady pleutiric chest pain of variable severity (which resolves within 24h even though pneumothorax is still present). Reflex tachycardia and/or respiratory or circulatory compromise may be observed. Other syndromes (e.g. Birt-Hogg-Dube Marfan or Ehlers-Danlos syndromes) may be associated.

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview. Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata. Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on http://www.orphadata.org. Data version July 2024

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Familial spontaneous pneumothorax?

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