Type of disease: Rare conditions
Netherton syndrome is a type of ichthyosis. Symptoms vary but commonly include inflamed, red, scaly skin, short, brittle, lustreless hair, and a predisposition to allergy problems (e.g., to nuts, hay fever, and asthma). Symptoms may be mild or severe and tend to present in infancy. Failure to thrive and recurrent infection are possible complications in infants with this syndrome. Netherton syndrome is caused by mutations in the SPINK5 gene. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.