Acute radiation syndrome

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Acute radiation syndrome

Synonyms: Acute radiation sickness

A rare radiation-induced disorder resulting from whole body exposure to large doses of penetrating radiation (>0.7 Gray) within a very short period of time (usually minutes) and characterized by bone marrow syndrome with pancytopenia (mild symptoms of which may occur already at 0.3 Gray) gastrointestinal syndrome resulting in mostly fatal infection dehydration and electrolyte imbalance (occurring at doses >10 Gray) and cardiovascular/central nervous system syndrome with watery diarrhea convulsions coma and death within three days of exposure (occurring at doses >50 Gray). The syndrome develops in four clinical stages (prodromal/latent/manifest illness/recovery or death) of variable duration.

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview.

Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata.

Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. Ā© INSERM 1999. Available on http://www.orphadata.org. Data version March 2024

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