Second branchial cleft anomaly

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Synonyms: Second branchial cleft cyst | Second branchial cleft fistula

A rare otorhinolaryngological malformation characterized by the presence of a cyst sinus or fistula occuring along the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Second branchial cleft fistulae and sinuses present with skin opening with chronic discharge and recurrent infections whereas second branchial cleft cysts present as a painless nontender stable in size or slowly enlarging lateral neck masses. Cysts occasionally acutely increase in size during upper respiratory tract infection leading to respiratory compromise torticollis and dysphagia.

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview. Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata. Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on http://www.orphadata.org. Data version July 2024

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