Third branchial cleft anomaly

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Third branchial cleft anomaly

Synonyms: Third branchial cleft cyst | Third branchial cleft fistula

A rare otorhinolaryngeal malformation characterized by a soft fluctuant mass abscess or draining tract along the anterior border of the lower half of sternocleidomastoid muscle occasionally leading to development of retropharyngeal absces acute suppurative thyroiditis stridor respiratory distress odynophagia,and dysphagia. Anomaly occurs as a tract from the piriform sinus to the thyroid gland. A third branchial cleft fistula passes superficial to both the superior and recurrent laryngeal nerves which is the main difference in comparison to the fourth branchial cleft fistula.

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview.

Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata.

Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on Data version March 2024

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Third branchial cleft anomaly?

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