Kezar Reports Disappointing Results from Phase 2 Trial of Zetomipzomib for the Treatment of Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis
May 4, 2022
Kezar Life Sciences reported disappointing topline results from the PRESIDIO phase 2 clinical trial of zetomipzomib (KZR-616) in patients with the autoimmune conditions dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM).
While most patients saw clinically meaningful improvements in the primary endpoint measure of Total Improvement Score (TIS), no differentiation from placebo was observed, the company said.
Kezar’s shares fell 30 percent on the news.
Dermatomyositis (DM) and Polymyositis (PM) are two of the five types of autoimmune myositis diseases. Both are chronic, debilitating, inflammatory autoimmune myopathies that are distinguished by inflammation of the muscles as well as the skin (in DM). Approximately 30,000 to 120,000 people in the United States are living with these severe and progressive inflammatory myopathies that are characterized by marked morbidity and associated mortality. While debilitating muscle weakness is the hallmark of these myopathies, including compromised muscles of respiration, other internal organ system dysfunctions can be equally disabling. The aim of treatment for these diseases is to suppress inflammation, increase muscle strength and prevent long-term damage to muscles and extra-muscular organs; however, treatment options are limited for DM, and there are currently no approved treatments for PM.
Zetomipzomib (KZR-616) is a novel, first-in-class, selective immunoproteasome inhibitor that Kezar believes has broad therapeutic potential across multiple autoimmune diseases. Preclinical research demonstrated that selective immunoproteasome inhibition results in a broad anti-inflammatory response in animal models of several autoimmune diseases, while avoiding immunosuppression. Data generated from phase 1 clinical trials provide evidence that zetomipzomib exhibits a favorable safety and tolerability profile for development in severe, chronic autoimmune diseases.
In PRESIDIO, 25 patients enrolled with either DM or PM with active disease despite best available treatments, and 20 patients completed through end-of-treatment. During the 32-week study period, all patients received 16 weeks of zetomipzomib treatment: patients received either 45 mg of zetomipzomib or placebo subcutaneously once weekly for 16 weeks on top of standard of care, followed by a crossover to the other arm of placebo or zetomipzomib, respectively, for an additional 16 weeks. Patients continued their background therapy but could taper medications as clinically indicated. The primary endpoint of PRESIDIO was the mean change in the Total Improvement Score (TIS).
Topline results of the PRESIDIO trial showed that most DM and PM patients saw clinically meaningful improvements in TIS, but zetomipzomib demonstrated no significant differentiation from placebo. At Week 16, the zetomipzomib 45 mg SC weekly group achieved a mean TIS of 25.5 versus the control group mean TIS of 25. Following cross-over, at Week 32, the arm receiving zetomipzomib beginning at Week 16 achieved a mean TIS of 32.5 versus the control group mean TIS of 31.3.
Zetomipzomib was well tolerated over the course of the PRESIDIO trial. Adverse events were generally mild-to-moderate (Grade 1 or 2), and the most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were injection site reactions, which were transient and manageable. One subject withdrew from the study following an injection site reaction at Week 9. There were three Grade 3 serious adverse events in the zetomipzomib arms, all deemed unrelated to zetomipzomib, which occurred in two patients and did not result in discontinuation from the study or change in dose. One patient experienced a mechanical fall and syncope, and another patient had a retinal detachment. There was one Grade 3 adverse event in a placebo arm identified as a worsening rash. No opportunistic infections or cytopenias were observed.
Kezar is also conducting an open-label extension (OLE) study available to patients who completed 32 weeks in the PRESIDIO trial. Following completion of PRESIDIO, 18 out of 20 patients enrolled in the OLE. For the first time, patients have the option to self-administer zetomipzomib in the OLE. Current active participation in the OLE ranges from 2 to 77 weeks. 6 patients have discontinued participation in OLE for reasons unrelated to zetomipzomib. No additional safety or tolerability issues have been observed, and mean TIS scores have improved over scores observed at the 32-week conclusion of PRESIDIO.
In addition to PRESIDIO, Kezar is conducting the MISSION phase 2 trial in patients with lupus nephritis. Interim data from this trial reported in November 2021 showed that of the five patients who completed the full course of 24 weeks of weekly treatment with zetomipzomib 60 mg doses, two achieved partial renal responses and two achieved complete renal responses. The company plans to report the MISSION phase 2 topline data in lupus nephritis in June 2022.
“While we are disappointed with the results of this trial, we are encouraged by the favorable safety data and we maintain our strong conviction in the promise of zetomipzomib in lupus nephritis and our commitment to development of this novel agent in autoimmune disease,” said John Fowler, CEO of Kezar. “The strong response rates we’ve seen to date in MISSION – utilizing objective endpoints in LN patients – informs this conviction, and we look forward to sharing topline results from that trial in June. Furthermore, our strong financial position provides ample runway for both our zetomipzomib and protein secretion programs, including our phase 1 trial of KZR-261 in solid tumors.”
Author: Rare Daily Staff
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