Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a neurological condition characterized by a brief but intense attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin Ð the protective covering of nerve fibers. It often follows viral infection, or less often, vaccination for measles, mumps, or rubella. Treatment for ADEM is targeted at suppressing inflammation in the brain using anti-inflammatory drugs. Plasmapheresis or intravenous immunoglobulin therapy may also be used. Additional treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.