Type of disease: Rare conditions
Cysticercosis is an infectious disorder caused by the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Infection occurs when the tapeworm larvae enter the body and form cysticeri (cysts). The tapeworm eggs are spread through food, water, or other surfaces contaminated with feces. The signs and symptoms vary depending on the location and number of cysticeri in the affected person’s body. Symptoms can present months to years after the infection. Diagnosing cysticercosis can be challenging and may involve several test, including MRI or CT brain scans and blood tests. Although treatment is available and may include anti-parasitic drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, and/or surgery, it is not always necessary. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.