Anderson-Fabry Disease, Ceramide Trihexosidosis
Type of disease: Rare conditions
Fabry disease is an inherited disorder that results from the buildup of a particular type of fat in the body’s cells and affects many parts of the body. Signs and symptoms may include episodes of pain, particularly in the hands and feet (acroparesthesias); clusters of small, dark red spots on the skin called angiokeratomas; a decreased ability to sweat (hypohidrosis); cloudiness of the front part of the eye (corneal opacity); and hearing loss. Potentially severe complications can include progressive kidney damage, heart attack, and stroke. Milder forms of the disorder may appear later in life and affect only the heart or kidneys. Fabry disease is caused by mutations in the GLA gene and is inherited in an X-linked manner. Treatment may include enzyme replacement therapy (ERT); pain medications, ACE inhibitors; and chronic hemodialysis or renal transplantation for end stage renal disease. Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), supported by ORDR-NCATS and NHGRI.