Fetal alcohol syndrome

Get in touch with RARE Concierge.

Contact RARE Concierge

Synonyms: ARBD | ARND | Alcohol-related birth defects | Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder | FAS | FASD | Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a rare malformation syndrome caused by excessive maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. It is characterized by prenatal and/or postnatal growth deficiency (weight and/or height <10th percentile) a unique cluster of minor facial anomalies (short palpebral fissures flat and smooth philtrum and thin upper lip) and severe central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities including microcephaly and cognitive and behavioral impairment (intellectual disability deficit in general cognition learning and language executive function visual-spatial processing memory and attention).

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview. Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata. Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on http://www.orphadata.org. Data version July 2024

Newly diagnosed with
Fetal alcohol syndrome?

Our RARE Concierge Services Guides are available to assist you by providing information, resources and connections as you navigate your rare disease journey.

Get Concierge Help

Advocacy Organizations

Don't see your organization here. Let us know here.

Clinical Trials

For a list of clinical trials in this disease area, please click here.