Toluene embryopathy

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Toluene embryopathy

A neurodevelopmental teratologic syndrome due to prenatal exposure to toluene. The disease is characterized by prematurity low birth weight dysmorphic features (short palpebral fissures deep set eyes low set ears mid-facial hypoplasia flat nasal bridge thin upper lip micrognathia spatulate fingertips and small fingernails) central nervous system dysfunctions (intellectual disability microcephaly language impairment hyperactivity visual dysfunction) and postnatal growth delay. Prenatal exposure to toluene occurs as a result of incidental occupational exposure or solvent abuse during pregnancy. The features of toluene embryopathy often overlap with those seen in fetal alcohol syndrome.

Data from Orphanet are used to provide information on a disease's name, synonym(s), and overview.

Reference: Access aggregated data from Orphanet at Orphadata.

Orphadata: Free access data from Orphanet. © INSERM 1999. Available on http: // Data version September 2023.

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Toluene embryopathy?

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