Crinetics Meets All Endpoints in Phase 3 Acromegaly Study
September 11, 2023
Rare Daily Staff
Crinetics Pharmaceuticals said that its experimental therapy paltusotine met the primary endpoint and all secondary endpoints in its phase 3 PATHFNDR-1 study in patients with the rare endocrine disorder acromegaly.
The primary endpoint was based on the proportion of participants taking paltusotine (83 percent) who maintained an insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) level ≤ 1.0 times the upper limit of normal compared to those taking placebo (4 percent).
Acromegaly is a serious rare disease generally caused by a pituitary adenoma, a benign tumor in the pituitary that secretes growth hormone. Excess growth hormone secretion causes excess secretion of IGF-1 from the liver. Prolonged exposure to increased levels of IGF-1 and growth hormone leads to progressive and serious systemic complications, often resulting in bone, joint, cardiovascular, metabolic, cerebrovascular, or respiratory disease. Acromegaly symptoms include headache, joint aches, fatigue, sleep apnea, severe sweating, hyperhidrosis/oily skin, bone and cartilage overgrowth, abnormal growth of hands and feet, enlargement of heart, liver, and other organs and alteration of facial features. Uncontrolled acromegaly results in increased mortality and has a debilitating impact on daily functioning and quality of life.
Surgical removal of pituitary adenomas, if possible, is the preferred initial treatment for most acromegaly patients. Pharmacotherapy is used for patients who are not candidates for surgery, or when surgery is unsuccessful in achieving treatment goals. Approximately half of patients with acromegaly prove to be candidates for pharmacotherapy. Injectable depot somatostatin analogues are the most common initial pharmacologic treatment; however, these drugs require monthly depot injections with large gauge needles that are commonly associated with pain, injection site reactions, and an increased burden on the lives of patients.
Paltusotine is the first oral, once-daily selectively targeted somatostatin receptor type 2 (SST2) agonist and is currently in phase 3 investigational studies. It was designed by the Crinetics discovery team to provide an efficacious and convenient once-daily option for people living with acromegaly and neuroendocrine tumors. In phase 2 studies and the recently completed PATHFNDR-1 phase 3 study, paltusotine maintained IGF-1 levels in acromegaly patients who switched from monthly injectable medications to paltusotine. IGF-1 is the primary biomarker endocrinologists use to manage their acromegaly patients.
PATHFNDR-1 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 36-week treatment period followed by an optional open-label extension study evaluating paltusotine in participants with acromegaly switching from standard-of-care injected depot somatostatin analogs. The study enrolled participants with acromegaly who were biochemically controlled on octreotide or lanreotide depot monotherapy. PATHFNDR-1 is one of two ongoing, placebo-controlled Phase 3 studies of once-daily, oral paltusotine.
In PATHFNDR-1, paltusotine was well tolerated and no serious or severe adverse events were reported in participants treated with paltusotine. The frequency of participants with at least one treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE) was comparable in the paltusotine treatment arm vs placebo arm.
A full analysis of the PATHFNDR-1 results is underway, which the company expects to present at upcoming scientific conferences. PATHFNDR-2, a phase 3 study of oral paltusotine in participants with acromegaly who are treatment-naïve or not currently receiving medical therapy, is fully enrolled and topline data are expected in the first quarter of 2024. Pending successful findings from the PATHFNDR-2 study, Crinetics plans to submit a new drug application to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2024 seeking regulatory approval for all acromegaly patients who require pharmacotherapy, including newly diagnosed patients and those switching from other therapies.
The company is also conducting an open-label Phase 2 study to evaluate paltusotine in patients with carcinoid syndrome and intends to report preliminary results later this year.
“The results of PATHFNDR-1 are relevant to the patients we see every day in clinical practice who are biochemically controlled on standard-of-care injections. My colleagues and I are increasingly convinced many patients would appreciate an oral alternative which confers similar benefits without the burden and discomfort of the injections,” said Monica Gadelha, professor of endocrinology at the Medical School of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro and a principal investigator in the PATHFNDR program. “This study demonstrated that the transition to paltusotine was done seamlessly, and the results showed once-daily, oral paltusotine maintained both symptom control as well as biochemical control when switching from monthly injections.”
Photo: Monica Gadelha, professor of endocrinology at the Medical School of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro and a principal investigator in the PATHFNDR program
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