European Commission Approves Bristol Myers Squibb’s CAR T Cell Therapy Breyanzi for Rare Lymphomas After One Prior Therapy
May 3, 2023
Rare Daily Staff
The European Commission granted approval for Bristol Myers Squibb’s CAR T cell theray Breyanzi for the treatment of adult patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, high grade B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma grade 3B, who relapsed within 12 months from completion of, or are refractory to, first line chemoimmunotherapy.
The approval is based on results from the pivotal phase 3 TRANSFORM trial in which Breyanzi demonstrated statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in the study’s primary endpoint of event-free survival (EFS), and key secondary endpoints of complete responses (CR) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared to standard therapy (consisting of salvage immunochemotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplant [HSCT]), along with a manageable and well-established safety profile.
“With Breyanzi, people in Europe living with relapsed or refractory DLBCL now have a differentiated CAR T cell therapy option earlier in the treatment paradigm that provides long-term clinical benefit,” said Anne Kerber, senior vice president, head of Cell Therapy Development, Bristol Myers Squibb. “This marks the approval of our third indication in Europe for our CAR T cell therapy portfolio, underscoring our continued drive to deliver the promise of cell therapy with curative potential for more patients.”
In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, up to 40 40 percent of patients have disease that is refractory to or relapses following initial therapy. The standard therapy for these patients consists of intensive salvage immunochemotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy and HSCT for those whose disease responds to the salvage therapy and are eligible for transplant. However, only an estimated 25 percent of patients are considered eligible for transplant and experience long-term clinical benefit, leaving a continued unmet need for second-line treatment options with curative potential.
“Based on results of the TRANSFORM trial, Breyanzi provides significantly improved outcomes compared to the standard of care that has been in place for decades, along with a well-established safety profile, demonstrating the benefit of using a CAR T cell therapy earlier for patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL,” said Bertram Glass, TRANSFORM trial investigator and chief physician of the Department of Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Helios Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. “This approval represents a significant milestone for patients with continued progress toward transforming second-line treatment practice to provide a personalized treatment option that offers the potential for durable remission.”
Breyanzi is a CD19-directed CAR T cell therapy approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adult patients with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL), including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified (including DLBCL arising from indolent lymphoma), high-grade B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal LBCL, and follicular lymphoma grade 3B who have refractory disease to first-line chemoimmunotherapy or relapse within 12 months of first-line chemoimmunotherapy, or refractory disease to first-line chemoimmunotherapy or relapse after first-line chemoimmunotherapy and are not eligible for hematopoietic stem cell transplant due to comorbidities or age, or relapsed or refractory disease after two or more lines of systemic therapy. Breyanzi is not indicated for the treatment of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma.
Breyanzi is also approved in Japan for the second-line treatment of relapsed or refractory LBCL, and in Japan, Europe, Switzerland and Canada for relapsed or refractory LBCL after two or more lines of systemic therapy. Bristol Myers Squibb’s clinical development program for Breyanzi includes clinical studies in earlier lines of treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory LBCL and other types of lymphomas and leukemia.
Breyanzi is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) called the Breyanzi REMS.
Photo: Anne Kerber, senior vice president, head of Cell Therapy Development, Bristol Myers Squibb
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